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Admati and Hellwig: global finance is not an Olympic competition

POSTED ON June 29th  - POSTED IN Blog, Financial Regulation, What is competitiveness?
Anat Admati of Stanford Graduate School of Business

Bankers’ New Clothes: co-author Anat Admati, of Stanford Graduate School of Business

(Updated with Krugman comments.) Two years ago Anat Admati and Martin Hellwig published a popular book about banking, The Bankers’ New Clothes, which Martin Wolf in the FT described as “the most important book to emerge from the [Global Financial] Crisis.”

The book pulls off the trick of explaining a lot of technical points about banking in highly accessible detail, and perhaps its most valuable contribution is to have explained so clearly why it is foolish to run banks with only small amounts of loss-absorbing equity. Partly because of the way bank equity is so misleadingly portrayed in the media and elsewhere – as a cost to a bank, and by mindless extrapolation to an economy as a whole – bankers have been able to get away with blunting urgent reforms.

How tax wars may affect UK small and big business

POSTED ON June 16th  - POSTED IN Blog, Tax

Updated with new IMF data, June 22, 2015; and with Philip Baker comments; June 29, 2015 

Update 2: from Reuters, Dec 22, 2015:

“Seven of the biggest investment banks operating in London paid little or no tax in Britain last year, despite reporting billions of dollars in profits, a Reuters analysis of corporate filings shows.”

How tax wars may affect UK small and big business

So-called “competition” between countries on tax (which some of us think is generally better known as “Tax Wars”) is a process that has nothing to do with what people normally understand competition to be. (To get a first sense of the differences, ponder the differences between a failed company and a failed state. Or look at this.)

The process produces a range of harms, which stem from basic operating principles. Capital can shift easily across borders, but workers generally can’t. So governments try to lure mobile capital by cutting taxes on it — then make up for the lost tax revenues by taxing ordinary people and workers more — since it’s far tougher for workers to rip their kids out of school and move when tax rates change.

The end result is that taxes on capital fall, and workers suffer higher taxes. Among other things, this increases inequality.

How much should the UK subsidise HSBC for a ‘competitive’ financial sector?

POSTED ON June 9th  - POSTED IN Blog, Financial Regulation, Tax
City-of-London-300x65

The UK Financial Centre: soon to evaporate in a puff of bank levies?

Here we go again. Look at this latest piece of financial sector lobbying, courtesy of Reuters, which normally strives to be a fair and balanced news organisation.

This requires quite some unpacking. To begin with:

“Britain is prepared to review a tax on banks to head off the threat that large multinational banks like HSBC could leave London’s financial centre and shift their operations overseas, the Sunday Times reported, citing industry sources.

Finance minister George Osborne is to lay the ground for such a review in a speech this week, by saying that the newly-elected Conservative government is committed to maintaining the competitiveness of banks, the paper reported.”

Quote of the week: Bill Gates on corporate taxes

POSTED ON May 19th  - POSTED IN Blog, Quotations, Tax
Photo: World Economic Forum, Creative Commons

Photo: World Economic Forum, Creative Commons

From a Bloomberg report on a Bill Gates interview:

Gates scoffed at comparisons linking taxes and regulation to slower growth. “The idea that there’s some direct connection, that all these innovators are on strike because tax rates are at 35 percent on corporations, that’s just such nonsense.” ‘

also:

“The highest economic growth decade was the 1960s. Income tax rates were 90 percent.”

This is part of a much bigger picture: that low (or high) corporate taxes do nothing to make an economy as a whole more (or less) ‘competitive.’ Read more about all this here.

Is France’s economy really less ‘competitive’ than Britain’s?

POSTED ON May 14th  - POSTED IN Blog, Tax, What is competitiveness?

Our tweet of the day, from a former external member of the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee:

This post is just a reminder, really, about all the nonsense that is spoken in the name of ‘competitiveness.’

Do real investors chase corporate tax cuts?

POSTED ON May 11th  - POSTED IN Blog, Tax
Guess which one got the corporate tax cut

Guess which one got the corporate tax cut?

Cross-posted with the Tax Justice Network.

From the Financial Times, a report on a survey by the Tolley Tax Journal of businesses’ responses to the UK’s policy of savage cuts to the corporate income tax.  It’s about the UK, but it has wide international relevance.

“More than six out of 10 respondents thought the cut in the corporate tax rate, by 8 percentage points to 20 per cent, had boosted their own companies’ investment and growth, although for most it only had a marginal impact.”

Optimistic about the state: Martin Wolf’s searing attack on the Competitiveness Agenda

POSTED ON May 7th  - POSTED IN Blog, Financial Regulation, Tax
Martin Wolf (Photo: Helen Abraham Creative Commons)

Martin Wolf (Photo: Helen Abraham, Creative Commons)

Update: this post has now been published on Naked Capitalism.

Martin Wolf, the Financial Times’ chief economics commentator and one of the world’s most influential economists, published a book in 2004 called Why Globalization Works: the case for the global market economy. A forceful, heavily researched and uncompromising work, it became for a while a bit of a bible for those pushing for freer trade and further liberalisation of the global economy.

When the global financial crisis hit in 2007, calling into question some of the mainstream economic profession’s most cherished beliefs, Wolf – unlike many economists – seems to have done a serious re-think, and he has found a dramatic and radical new enthusiasm for reining in an out-of-control financial sector, while remaining essentially in favour of free trade. Wolf told us in an email in response to an earlier draft this post:

“I have only changed my mind on finance and even then I was already quite sceptical. I think my chapter on the state was rather good.”

The chapter in question, the subject of this blog, is entitled “Sad About the State”.

The Celtic Tiger: the Irish banking inquiry and a tale of two booms

POSTED ON May 5th  - POSTED IN Blog, Financial Regulation, Tax
The IFSC in Dublin's Docklands

The IFSC in Dublin’s Docklands

One of our inaugural articles on this site was a post in March looking at the causes of the “Celtic Tiger” boom in Ireland. It contained a striking graph and a wealth of analysis suggesting strongly that what caused the boom was, above all, Ireland’s accession to the EU single market, rather than its supposedly ‘competitive’ corporate tax policies. After all, Ireland has been trying to be a tax haven since the 1950s, but it was only in the early 1990s that take-off began (also see this rollicking historical account of how Ireland became a corporate and financial tax haven, or offshore financial centre.) 

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